17 Different Car body types and car shapes in 2024

Car Body type and car shape
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Car Body type and car shape

The body of an automobile has various shapes depending on its purpose, and it is named and classified according to its shape. The classification method varies according to country, manufacturer, and era and its name also differs. In recent years, due to the diversification of purpose, various forms of automobiles have appeared and it is difficult to classify them strictly. Let’s Know the Car Body type and all car shapes.


what is sedan car?

What is a sedan car? It is the basic form of a passenger car that is important for ride comfort. 

Separate the occupant space and luggage space, four to six people can ride in the front and rear seats. Depending on the number of doors, it is divided into a 4-door sedan and a 2-door sedan.


Coupe car difination

In order to run lightly, it is a sporty shape that is important for motor performance and styling. For this reason, we are making the roof smaller than the sedan and lowering the car’s height. Many of the car made the front seat to the subject, the rear seat has become narrower than that of the sedan.

SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle)

SUV Sport Utility Vehicle

SUVs, or Sport Utility Vehicles, are designed to combine the features of off-road capability, spacious interiors, and elevated driving positions. They often come with four-wheel drive capabilities and body-on-frame construction, although some modern SUVs use unibody construction for better fuel efficiency and handling. SUVs are popular for their versatility, making them suitable for a wide range of driving conditions.

Muscle Car

Muscle Car

Muscle cars are high-performance vehicles known for their powerful engines, aggressive styling, and rear-wheel-drive configuration. These cars often have a two-door coupe or convertible body style. Muscle cars are designed for straight-line speed and acceleration, with a focus on the driving experience. They usually feature large-displacement V8 engines, providing a distinctive and thrilling engine roar.


convertible car

It means something like a sedan or a coupe that can be covered with a roof or an open car.

The roof is generally made of strong cloth, and there are things that do electric opening and closing and do it manually.

Station Wagon

Station Wagon

The roof is extended to the last part so that we can carry more luggages while maintaining the sedan’s comfort.

Just like the lift back, we can hoist the back door take out baggage from the rear, and fold the rear seat to widen the luggage space.



It is very similar to the station wagon, but it focuses on carrying luggage to the last, it is mainly used for commercial purposes.



Roadsters are two-seater convertible cars with a focus on open-air driving experience. They are characterized by a sleek design, often featuring a long hood and a compact cabin. Roadsters prioritize performance and handling, providing a thrilling driving experience. They usually have a soft or retractable roof, allowing the driver and passenger to enjoy the open sky while driving.( learn more Car Body type and car shape)


Limousine car

It is the same shape as the sedan, but the distance between the front wheels and the rear wheels has been increased to increase the comfort of the rear seats.

It is commonly used mainly for official use, and there is a glass partition behind the front seat.

Lift back

Basically, it is a sporty shape close to the coupe, but the feature is that the crew space and the luggage space are integrated. We can hoist the backdoor and take out the luggage from behind. We can also fold the rear seat to make the luggage space wider.


In the past, the roof of a car was made of soft materials such as cloth. That “soft roof” (soft top) appeared in “hard roof” (hard top) made of metal and plastic.

At present it is the shape which lost the window sash of the door and the center pillar so as to have the opening feeling inside the car. Because the strength of the roof is weaker than that of the sedan, it is necessary to reinforce the body.

For what is called a hard top, there is also a pillared hard top with the center pillar as it is, and only the window sash is lost in order to keep the strength of the roof.

Pick up

Pick up

It is a small truck, the engine part is on the front side of the driver’s seat. It is also called a bonnet truck.

CUV (Compact Utility Vehicle)

CUVs, or Compact Utility Vehicles, are a popular and versatile type of automobile. They are characterized by a design that blends elements of a traditional sedan with SUV features, often built on a car platform. CUVs are smaller and more fuel-efficient compared to larger SUVs, making them suitable for urban and suburban environments. They usually offer ample cargo space, higher ground clearance, and an elevated driving position.

MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle)

MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle)

MPVs, or Multi-Purpose Vehicles, are designed to accommodate multiple passengers and offer flexible seating configurations. Also known as minivans or people carriers, MPVs prioritize interior space and comfort. They typically have sliding rear doors, a spacious cabin, and are suitable for families or groups that require ample seating capacity. MPVs are known for their practicality and ease of entry and exit.

MUV (Multi-Utility Vehicle)

MUVs, or Multi-Utility Vehicles, are similar to SUVs but are often more oriented towards urban usage. They typically have a monocoque construction, making them lighter and more fuel-efficient than traditional SUVs. MUVs are known for their versatility, offering a balance between passenger comfort and cargo space. They may also have advanced safety and technology features.

Pickup Truck

Pickup Truck

Pickup trucks are vehicles designed primarily for cargo transportation. They typically have a two-row seating configuration with an open cargo bed at the rear. They come in various sizes, from compact trucks suitable for everyday use to heavy-duty trucks designed for commercial purposes. Pickup trucks can be equipped with two-wheel or four-wheel drive.

Utility Vehicle

The term “Utility Vehicle” is a broad category that encompasses various types of vehicles designed for practicality and functionality. It can include SUVs, CUVs, and trucks that prioritize utility over sportiness. Utility vehicles often have versatile interiors, ample cargo space, and features that cater to a wide range of needs, making them suitable for various lifestyles and activities.

FAQ – Car body type and car shape

What does the body type of a car mean?

The body type of a car refers to its overall design and structure, determining its shape, size, and the way different compartments are arranged. It’s like the blueprint of the car that includes features such as the number of doors, the style of the roof, and the overall form. For example, sedans, coupes, SUVs, and trucks all have distinct body types that influence their appearance and functionality.

What is the body style of a car?

The body style of a car describes its specific visual design elements, highlighting characteristics such as the shape of the roof, the number of doors, and overall aesthetics. It’s more about the look and feel of the vehicle rather than its structural configuration. Examples of body styles include convertible, coupe, or sedan, each contributing to the car’s unique appearance and personality.

What is the difference between a sedan and a coupe?

The main differences between a sedan and a coupe lie in their design and functionality:

Number of Doors:

Sedan: Typically has four doors, providing easy access to both front and rear passenger compartments.

Coupe: Usually features two doors, emphasizing a sportier and more compact design.

Interior Space:

Sedan: Generally offers more interior space, especially in the rear, making it a practical choice for families or those who prioritize passenger comfort.

Coupe: Tends to have a more streamlined and cozy interior, often sacrificing rear-seat space for a sleeker appearance.

Exterior Design:

Sedan: Has a longer body with a more traditional and practical appearance, often associated with a family-oriented or executive style.

Coupe: Features a shorter and sportier design, with a more dynamic and aggressive aesthetic, emphasizing style and performance.

Roofline Shape:

Sedan: Typically has a more horizontal roofline that extends from the front to the rear of the vehicle, offering a more traditional and balanced look.

Coupe: Has a steeper and more sloping roofline, contributing to a more aerodynamic and sporty profile.

Overall Size:

Sedan: Generally larger in size, providing a spacious interior and often associated with a comfortable and practical driving experience.

Coupe: Tends to be smaller and more compact, emphasizing a dynamic and stylish driving experience.

Why is it called a station wagon

The name “station wagon” came about because these cars were initially designed to transport families and their belongings to and from train stations. They were a handy choice for those who needed a vehicle capable of accommodating both passengers and luggage, making the journey to catch a train more convenient. While the connection to train stations remains in the name, station wagons have evolved over time to serve diverse purposes beyond their original association with railway travel.

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